Map Of Ottoman Empire With History And Facts

Ottoman Empire was founded in 1299 by Osman Ghazi and consistently grew from 1299 to 1683. The first 10 rulers of the Ottoman Empire is considered as the most successful kings.

Ottomans Kings carried these titles: Sultan (Arabic: King, Ruler), Padişah (Persian: Shah Of the World), Khan (Turkish: Referring to ancestors from Central Asia)

Additionally the first two rulers, Osman I and Orhan were called as Ghazi (The warrior) since the Ottomans were no more than a warlike principality then. Murad I (1362-1389) considered as the first Sultan, since he built the foundations of Ottoman army, society, laws of the Ottoman State.

The Ottoman Sultans also carried the title of Caliph (Halife) from the time of Selim I (1512-1520). Caliph is an Islamic title. Meaning the spiritual leader of Islamic World. This religious title was used by the Ottoman Sultans after the conquest of Mecca and Medina.

Foundation Of The Ottoman Empire

The ancestor of Ottomans, Ertuğrul Ghazi settled in Söğüt and Domaniç plateaus. It was neighbor to significant cities of Byzantine Empire, İznik (Nicaea) and Bursa (Prussa). These spots are located in Turkey of today.

Map Of Ottoman Empire Foundation 1299 – At Its Height 1699

Link For The Map

Osman Ghazi

Founder and first Sultan, Osman Ghazi had inherited a warlike clan from his father Ertuğrul Ghazi. He soon converted this clan into a Turkish princedom. Sultan Osman leaded his community successfully. He had also been a pioneer of Ottoman kings by expanding the boundaries in the direction of the west.

Ottomans aimed to be the rulers of Europe as well as Asia. The Ottoman Princedom officially established in 1299 by the Osman (also known as Othman).

The First Ten Sultans, Rulers, Kings Of Ottoman Empire

Osman Ghazi, Orhan Ghazi, Murad I, Bayezid I, Mehmed I, Murad II, Mehmed II (The Conqueror), Bayezid II, Selim I (Yavuz), Suleiman I (The Magnificent). These accomplished Sultans ruled the Empire from 1299 to 1566. This is the most successful era of Ottoman Empire. In other words: The rise of the Ottoman Empire.

Ottoman Elite Infantry: Janissary Unites In A Battle

Ottomans managed to create a great war-machine named Janissaries. Devşirme refers to the system in which healthful and powerful children are taken from the villages in Eastern Europe and trained in military affairs and religion in Janissary army centers.

Ottoman Janissary Troops Attact In Battle Of Mohacs 1526

Ottoman army assaults in Battle of Mohacs lead by Suleiman The Magnificent.
Ottoman army assaults in Battle of Mohacs lead by Suleiman The Magnificent.

Conquest Of Constantinople By Mehmed II

Mehmed II is the most famous ruler of Empire with Suleiman I. This map is referring the capture of Constantinople by the Ottomans. (1453) Ottomans proclaimed the new-conquered city as their new capital. Named it as Konstantiniyye. It became Istanbul in the late Ottoman era.

Map Of Ottoman Empire By The Conquest Of Constantinople

Ottoman Empire before the conquest of Constantinople 1453 By Mehmed II

Reign Of Selim I (The Resolute)

Ottomans, which grew into multi-national Empire after the conquest of Constantinople, captured Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem and Egypt during the reign of Selim I (1512-1520). Ottoman Empire dominated the Silk Road stretching from China and Spice Route stretching from India to Europe; therefore, it had a source of endless income.

Map Of Ottoman Empire Depicts Selim I’s Conquests In The Middle East

History, Facts, Location, Borders Of Turkish Ottoman Empire On A Map
Purple colour refers to Selim I’s conquests in Middle East.

Reign Of Suleiman the Magnificent

The rise of Ottomans hit the top with Suleiman I. Comprehensive reforms were made in law, education, architecture, social life, culture and art and great developments were achieved in these fields. Therefore Sultan Suleiman is mentioned as Suleiman the Magnificent in European history.

Map Of Suleiman The Magnificent’s Empire

Ottomans hit the the top by the Suleiman The Magnificent (1520-1566)

Where The Ottoman Empire Was Located?

This is the most frequent questions about Ottoman Empire and its location. This large scale map depicts the location of Ottoman Empire. It extented to inlands of Europe until the gates of Vienna.

The Location Of Ottoman Empire Map

Where was the Ottoman Empire located?

Sultanate Of Women

From the time of Suleiman the Magnificent, the era called “Sultanate of Women” started. The wifes of the Emperors had strong influence on the administration. This period lasted 1550 to 1656. The first influential Empress of this period considered as the Hürrem Sultan (Also known as Roxelana)

Ottoman Empire kept on expanding even after the death of Sultan Suleiman due to the successful state administration by the scholarly Grand Viziers (Prime Ministers).

Ottoman Empire Greatest Achivements Map
The Peak Of The Ottoman Empire Map Growth From 1453 To 1683
Ottoman Empire during the first 10 Rulers 1307 To 1683

Reforms at Ottoman Empire in 18th And 19th Centuries

Social and cultural developments like Renaissance and Reform in Europe did not resonate with Ottomans; as a result of which, Ottomans were left behind in terms of art, culture and military.

During this worsening period for the empire, some able Sultans began modernization periods but their effort could not prevent the empire from going into downfall.

Traditional Janissary units are removed and Nizam-ı Cedit (New Army) is founded as a part of westernization.

Ottoman Soldiers In 19th Century

Ottoman soldiers in 19th century.

Decline Of The Ottoman Empire On a Map

This map displays perfectly the decline of the Ottoman Empire. The territories that lost from 1829 to 1914 depicted with vivid colours. Constant battles devastated the Ottoman Empire during the 19th century. They fought against Austria and Russia most of the time.

Map Of Ottoman Empire 1800s

Fall Of Ottoman Empire On A Map 19th Century Until Collapse 1914 WWI
Territories lost from 1829 to 1914 depicted in this map.

Fall Of The Ottoman Empire Map 1914

Ottomans fell after the World War I (1918) They fought alongside with Austria and Germany (Central Powers) so they were at the losing side of the war.

Ottoman army was decisively defeated in most of the battles except for the Gallipoli Campaign. The allies pushed hard to pass through the Dardanelles to seize the capital, Istanbul, but they failed.

The Ottoman resistance was unexpectedly tough in Çanakkale (Dardanelles). The defence operations lead by a young General, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of Turkish Republic.

Map Of Ottoman Empire 1914

Map of Ottoman Empire dark brown in 1914 before the fall (WWI)

Turkey Of Today

Turkey is eventually founded from the heartland of the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul is no longer a capital but still the largest and most important city of Turkey. Ankara is the capital of modern day Turkey.

Map Of Modern Day Turkey

Maps Of Ottoman Empire With History And Facts

  • Notice: Maps are picked randomly from the internet. They are used by many people in their blogs. Therefore I do not think the copyright would be a problem. They almost became anonymous on the web. If you think that one of the maps is unique of a kind and belongs to your website, I will remove it when you declare it.

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By Serhat Engül

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