Maps Of Byzantine Empire And Constantinople
Byzantine Empire is literally established by the Emperor Theodosios in 395 A.D. Following the division of the Great Roman Empire by the will of Theodosios, his sons inherited their shares.
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The Split Of Roman Empire By Emperor Theodosios Map 395 A.D.
The headquarters of Roman Empire had already moved to Constantinople from Rome by the Emperor Constantine the great long before the division. (330 A.D.) Therefore sons of Theodosios, Arcadius and Honorius appointed as the caesars of these capitals.
Caesar Of The East: Arcadius – First Ruler Of The Byzantine Empire
Arcadius literally the first Emperor of Eastern Roman Empire or in other words Byzantine Empire (also known as Byzantium) He and his successors became accomplished rulers. Due to their rightful administration, Byzantine Empire lived for a thousand years.
Roman Empire Map Constantinople And Rome
Collapse Of The Western Roman Empire Invasion By The Gots 476 A.D.
The Western Roman Empire collapsed due to the incompetent rule of Honorius and his successors and it collapsed. The Gots and their commander Alaric took over the once-so-precious Rome and finished the Great Roman Empire forever.
Byzantine Empire Map At Its Height
Rise Of The Byzantine Empire By Emperor Justinian The Great
Emperor Justinian was elevated to the throne of Byzantium in 527 A.D. He had hard times controlling his kingship initially. A horrible riot broke out against him following the chariot races in Constantinople. The supporters of two major teams of the Constantinople, Blues and Greens, united against the emperor Justinian. He was almost killed if he was not saved by famous general Belisarius. However, Belisarius had to kill 30.000 people in the center of the city to save the emperor. The name of this uprising is widely known as Nika Revolt.
Justinian secured his throne and he wished to display his power and authority to the people of Byzantine Empire as well as the world. He built the famous temple Hagia Sophia in 537. It was a great design and greatest building of medieval age.
Justinian and his accomplished generals Belisarius, Narses, Mundus; conquered huge tracts of land in central-west Europe. Justinian regained Rome, the most famous capital of ancient world. His dream was to recreate the Great Roman Empire again. He wanted to surpass the fame of Gaius Julius Caesar as the saviour of Rome and Pope. He became the most powerful leader in the Christendom.
Vast Borders Of Byzantine Empire
Another depiction of victories of Justinian. He started building castles all around the fringes of the Empire. This effort caused the imperial treasury be consumed away. Therefore he left no money to his successors. Naturally, they could not defend these vast territories.
Map Of Byzantine Empire
Map of medieval Europe With the Greatest Borders of Byzantine Empire
Map depicts the Europe in 6th century. When the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire reached to its heyday (565), Europe was still disorganized following the collapse of Western Roman Empire (476).
The Spread Of Islam And Caliphates Byzantine Empire Shranking Map
Following the death of Justinian, Byzantine Empire shrank quickly. The exceeded boundaries of Byzantine Empire was impossible to maintain in reality. The successors of Justinian faced serious threats and attacks from all directions. Avars, Arabs (Caliphates), Bulgars, Turks (Seljuks) caused empire to decline in short time.
Spread Of Islam Against Byzantine Empire Map
Isaurian Dynasty took over Constantinople, Iconoclasm and Resurgence Period
Isaurian Dynasty (717-812) was the series of rulers who had military background. They took serious precautions to put the Byzantine Empire back on track. They succeded by banning the religious icons, mosaics and decrease the power of the Church.
The duality of power caused by the church’s influence on state affairs had caused so many troubles. Isaurian dynasty completely broke the power of Patriarch, priests and monks. They made good military moves as well.
Emperors of Macedonian Dynasty and Rise of Icons
Macedonian Dynasty (867-1056) reinstated the power of religion and church by reviving the icons and mosaics of Constantinople. Macedonian Emperors gave a great support to the art as well. Their period is known as a peaceful and prosperous years. Below map shows the boundaries of Byzantine Empire by the death of Basil II (Bulgar Slayer). He was the last Emperor of Macedonian Dynasty.
Byzantine Empire Map Death Of Basil 1025
Pressure From East Arrival of Seljuk Turks from Asia and Battle of Manzikert 1071
Byzantine Empire faced a deadly threat from its eastern borders: Seljuk Turks. Seljuks migrated from central Asia and settled to Persian lands. They became a serious threat at the easternmost borders of Byzantine Empire. The great war was coming.
Battle of Manzikert took place near Lake of Van and Mount Ararat. Byzantine emperor Romanos IV Diogenes decisively defeated by the Seljuk Sultan Alparslan.
This caused the invasion of Anatolia by the Turks. Eastern and Central Anatolia was lost. (1071-1176)
Latin Invasion And Sack Of Constantinople during the IV.Crusade
The Pope gathered kings and knights of the Europe to take-back the holy lands from Muslims. He was aiming to defeat the Seljuk Turks and Abbasid Caliphate to take over the abundant lands of the East. The Eastern cities were wealthy and promising. The first crusades ran over the Seljuk Turks. They were overwhelmed by the crowd of Crusaders.
Byzantine Emperors took the chance and retook the majority of Anatolia from Turks. However this victory did not last for a long time. In 1204, Crusaders commanded by Enrico Dandolo, attacked and conquered Constantinople. The Catholics unmercifully sacked the city and killed their Orthodox brothers.
Map Of Byzantine Empire Before Latin Invasion
The Byzantine Empire After Latin Invasion
The Latin Empire is established by the occupiers. It lasted from 1204 to 1261. The Byzantine Empire broke into pieces. Four different princedom emerged, lead by four Byzantine leaders. Empire of Nicaea was able to take back the Constantinople from Latins. However, once-splendid Constantinople, was no more than a wreck.
Seljuk Sultanate Of Rum Established In Anatolia (Asia Minor)
Following the collapse of once-mighty Seljuk Empire, Seljuk Sultanate of Rum is established by the scions of Turks. Turks once again had the Central Anatolia.
Seljuk Sultanate Of Rum Map
Ottoman Turks And Fall Of Constantinople
Seljuk Sultanate of Rum eventually could not resist Mongol attacks from the east. Their army destroyed in Battle of Köse dağ (1243). They shared the same fate as Byzantium around 200 years later and invaded by nomad people of Asian steps.
Ottoman Princedom was one of the mini-states that established following the collapse of Seljuk Sultanate of Rum. Ottoman state was ruled by the warlike lords (Ghazi). Osman Ghazi (Founder) and his son Orhan Ghazi swiftly invaded the remaining lands of Byzantine Empire. Ottoman expansion was inexpugnable. Constant extention of Ottoman Empire lasted from 1299 (foundation) to the greatest extent (1699). The Ottomans captured the last castle of Byzantine Empire in 1453.
Mehmed II (The Conqueror) captured the Constantinople and it was the end of 1000 years old civilization. Byzantine Empire disappeared in the medieval history.
Maps Of Byzantine Empire With History And Facts
- Notice: Maps are picked randomly from the internet. They are used by many people in their blogs. Therefore I do not think the copyright would be a problem. They almost became anonymous on the web. If you think that one of the maps is unique of a kind and belongs to your website, I will remove it when you declare it.
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By Serhat Engül